Sunflower farming guide. Requirements, irrigation and profit per acre.

Sunflower is a big source of oil, and it’s the fourth-biggest crop that produces edible oil. Sunflower farming is common in Ukraine, Russia and European countries. Ukraine and Russia are two major countries in the production of sunflowers and grow more than 50% of sunflowers. Sunflower oil is prevalent, and it is used widely in the medical field because it’s perfect for heart patients.

Climates

Sunflower farming is possible every season, but the crop will be ready after a different time interval. A normal temperature is good during the germination process, and after germination, hot and sunny days are good. Any other climates like the length of the day and sunshine don’t affect the growth rate of sunflowers. Warm weather is good during flowering and harvesting time, with temperature varying from 33-37 degrees celsius.

Soil requirements

Sunlight is essential, and flowers are always directed towards the sun. Make sure that your selected field get at least 8-10 hours of direct sunlight. Well-drained soil with rich organic matter is highly suitable, and acidic soil is not recommended. The best Ph level is between 6-8.

Some best sunflower varities

More than 60 varieties are available, which can be easily grown according to their requirements. The few best common and hybrid varieties for sunflower farming are given:

  • Red Courtesan
  • Honey Bear
  • Magic Roundabou
  • Ballad
  • KBSH 44
  • Morden
  • MSFH 8
  • KBSH 1
  • PSH 569
  • PSFH 118
  • SH 3322
  • Early Black Hear

Fields preparation

Most farmers start the seedling process in February, and it’s a perfect time. Prepare your field by ploughing two or three times and also add some organic compost to the field. Prepare your field fastly and make it ready before February because late seedlings can bring too many diseases, and your plant will not be highly beneficial.

How to grow sunflower?

The direct sowing method is best to grow sunflower but make sure that you have done the sowing process by the end of January or in the first 3 to 4 days of February. But due to any reason, if you are late, then use the transplanting method, but you will gain less product.

Sunflowers are grown in rows through the dibbling method with a distance of 50-60cm and plant to plant distance of about 25-30cm. This distance may be varied up and down. It depends on the growth rate of your selected variety. With this given distance, you can plant about 18-20k plants in one acre and remember that sunflower plants will grow up in the presence of good moisture levels. If your soil has all the required and best criteria, sunflower seeds will germinate after 10 days.

Fertilizers requirements

Organic compost or cow dunk is necessary, and it will give you good benefits if you use it during fields preparation. Urban and nitrogen are required and use their amount according to the need of soil and test your soil before sowing to know its need. Add nitrogen and urea in two-phase, the first one before sowing and the second dose after 30-40 days of growth.

Weeds and different common disease of sunflower

Major Weeds

Weeds attacks are widespread in sunflower farming and clear your field from weeds every week in one month because at initial stages, and weeds will affect the growth of sunflower. Many other diseases will also help to take your plant down. You can also use chemical herbicides like glyphosate to remove weeds from your fields.

Earthing up is also a good solution to make your crop safe from weeds but in sunflower fields, never do this process at first. But it’s necessary to do earthing up the process when plants grow at least 5-7cm.

Major diseases

Manu type of the disease is common which can affect on flower and some of them can also destroy the product. Leaves and root disease are most common, which makes your plant dead.

  • Bacterial head root
  • Rhixopus head root
  • Caterpiller
  • Bihar hairy caterpillar
  • Boll worm
  • Sclerotinia head rot
  • Jassid
  • Alternaria Blight

If you spot any type of disease in your sunflower plants, it’s necessary to test your plant and find the best solution to any disease.

Irrigation system?

Sunflower crops don’t need a high amount of water,, but a little bit of water is required. Most farmers don’t irrigate sunflower in the Kharif season, but you can irrigate at least 2 to 3 times during any season if no rain. But irrigation requirements also depend on your soil condition a huge or extra dose of water can invite different disease of the root, which can affect on growth and products.

How to protect sunflower plants from birds attack?

Birds attack is common in sunflowers when your crop is almost ready to harvest. Mainly Parrot is the main bird which destroys your crop, and he can give damage more than 30% easily if you don’t do any proper care. Mostly parrots and other birds attack is common in morning and evening, but you can easily save your crops from parrots by adding a good reflection tool above your plants. You can get more than 70% damage due to late harvesting, and such pet birds will make a big impact on your revenue.

Harvesting process

Many different diseases attack when your crop is at the harvesting stage, and birds can also cause good damage. Make sure to harvest your plants at the proper time when leaves get dry and head of the flower also become yellow. At this stage do harvesting fastly to safe your product damage about 20% from birds. After this harvesting process you can easily sell this product in local markets and can easily export it.

How much profit and yield can we get from sunflower farming?

The yield rate mostly depends upon the climates and the soil condition of your area. You can easily generate about 1000-1800 pounds from one acre. Sunflower take small interval and become ready to harvest so it’s good as a cash crop. You may get more profit and yield if you have given proper care to your plants regarding disease controls, weeds, irrigation, fertilizers and proper care during the harvesting process.

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