Are you looking for a flower or shrub for your loving garden? Then welcome to you because you are at the right place. Here I will provide a complete guide for the best growing and caring of Hydrangea flowers. In spite of its high caring and maintained look, it is relatively easy to grow. So be attentive because we are going to discuss its complete production technology from A to Z.
What is Hydrangea?
A shrub with a maximum height of 15 feet has an excellent range of growth from garden to containers or in the form of group plantings. Only a single summer season is enough to fill all the spaces around the Plant. Flowers bloom from spring to summer season, give a stunning look to their viewers. It shines with varieties of colours from white to clear blue. It is boundless in its varieties. It can serve your garden as a foundation plant.
Best season to grow Hydrangea flowers?
Fall and late spring are the best seasons to grow Hydrangea flowers. But the fall season is preferred because Plant gets enough time to develop its roots before the first frost of winter. A shorter winter duration helps to the early blooming of flowers in the spring season. In most areas, day temperature is too high, so early morning and late evening is a suitable time to plant. These precautions save the Plant from heat stress. Place the new Plant at a cooler or watering-place before planting.
Which soil is best to grow hydrangea flowers?
Fertile and well-drained soils will give a boosting growth to Hydrangea plants. It requires a high amount of moisture, so give preference to moist soils. Its high adaptability makes it suitable for poor soils but an optimum amount of compost to enrich the soil. It is also essential to save plants from waterlogging or over moisture. It may lead to root rot you can also get rid of root rot by reading this fix root rot guide, and the Plant gets to die.
Where to grow Hydrangea flowers?
The hydrangea plant loves the sun’s morning warmth, but it cannot bear heating daylight or hot afternoon. No Matters you grow it in your fences or home garden, but a sheltered location is vital for Planting. Avoid the east and west sides of your home for Planting Hydrangea Flowers. Do not Plant Under the trees because it increases the competition between the plants to get water, nutrients and sunlight.
Hydrangae plants have interesting propagation processes. It may be through the seeds or cuttings. Seed collection and their propagation have their own features. In the same way, cutting process is also a little different from normal cutting propagation. It involves new branches of former plants without cutting them from the main plants. Let’s try to understand these exciting processes.
(i) How to collect the seeds?
Are you ready to grow eye-catching hydrangae flowers? I think you are. The first step is the collection of Seeds. It’s not hard to collect them but require a little patience and attention. Hydrangae plants have two types of flowers:
a) Unfertile flowers
b) Fertile flowers
Unfertile flowers are small, showy and composite, which give an amazing look to their viewers. There are some tiny flowers in between the composite blooms. These are fertile flowers that have seeds for further propagation. Follow these steps to get the minute seeds with care:
a) Keep an active eye on the blossoms and wait until the death of any flower.
b)Put a plastic or paper bag over the flower when it begins to die.
c) Cut the flower carefully and allow it to dry for few days.
d) Shake the plastic bag and get the seeds carefully.
e) Be attentive because dust particles can be mistaken as seeds.
(ii) Seedlings process
You can sow seeds sown any time after their harvesting. Store the seeds in a cool place till their suitable Season. You can sow the seeds either on the soil surface or in big size pots. Give proper care to seedlings until the Germination. Give adequate water and avoid from worst temperature. Seeds germinate within 15 days under optimum conditions.
Where to get the cutting?
Choose a well established and healthy plant of Hydrangea. Now find a branch which is newly grown. New branches show lighter colours than the older ones. They are not rigid, so it is easy to develop roots and new shoots. A branch with 4-5 inches of length is enough but make sure that it has 3-4 pairs of leaves. Give a horizontal cut to remove the cutting from Plant. A long and newly born branch can also be propagated before its separation from the hydrangea plant. It is separated after the establishment of roots.
How to grow cuttings?
Follow the steps which are given below to grow hydrangea cuttings:
a) Make sure you have a healthy cutting of Hydrangea. Remove the last pair of leaves from the cutting.
b) Roots can grow easily from leaf nodes, so remove another pair of leaves for more root formation if it is affordable.
c) But sure that cutting at least has two pairs of leaves at its Tip. Under hot conditions, cutting is covered with a plastic bag to maintain humidity.
d) Treat the lower part of cuttings with growth hormones and antifungal agents; it will appreciate root growth and discourage the rotting.
e)Now your cutting is ready, place it in the soil. Prepare a pot and fill it with the potting mixture. Place the cutting gently up to the lower leaves. Make sure you have placed it in the centre.
f) Now irrigate it lightly to get rid of any air gaps around the cutting. Cover the pot with a plastic bag; make sure it is not touching the leaves. Place the pot in the sunlight And keep checking it after few days.
g) Check the cutting after few weeks. If you feel any resistance in pulling, then roots have developed in your cutting. Now you can transplant your cutting at any suitable place.
Is it possible to grow hydrangea in pots?
Hydrangea cuttings are placed in the small pots for initial growth. In the same way, we can transplant hydrangea plants in the large pots in our houses. Its spreading and medium roots do not demand a high area. So we can adjust these decorative plants according to our house area. Water dries quickly in small pots, so make sure to irrigate it frequently.
Caring of Hydrangea flowers
(i) Irrigation requirements
Hydrangae loves moisture in a moderate quantity. Its basic requirement is 1 inch per week. Broad leaves and smooth species demands more water, but all the species give equal response to uniform moisture. Irrigate the soil three times a week. It will keep more moisture which helps in frequent root growth and fertilizer availability.
Mulching can be very beneficial to maintain moisture and decrease evaporation from the soil. Pots dry out quickly, so it will be helpful to irrigate them at small intervals. Drought or Hot conditions can affect the growth and flowering of hydrangeas.
(ii) Best fertilizers for hydrangea flowers
Most decorative plants do not demand fertilization. In another way, if the soil is fertile and rich in nutrients, then there is no need to fertilize the plants. But if the soil is weak or moderate, apply a small amount for better growth at the expense of their Blooms. Each Variety of Hydrangea response differently to the amount and the time of fertilization.
Apply the fertilizers according to your specific Variety:
a) Bigleaf varieties demand light but Several fertilizers in March, May and June.
b)Oakleaf and penicle varieties respond maximum with only two doses in April and June.
c) Smooth Hydrangea varieties requires Only a single application in late winters.
(iii) Protection of plant
Choose a hydrangea variety that has maximum resistance against all types of diseases. Many fungal and bacterial infections like Blight, Wilt and Leaf spots can attack hydrangea plants. Some Insects like aphids can affect the plants during their weak immunity. Proper caring at the proper time is the best precaution against all diseases.
Winters can leave adverse effects on Our decorative Plants. Cover the hydrangae plants with mulching or any other type of straw. We can also save our Plants by making small cages with wires and covering material.
Pruning or cutting of hydrangea flowers?
Prune the hydrangae Plants according to your decorative needs or space in your garden. In most cases, only cut down the dead stems of the Plants. It is better to prune the Plants at the end of winter because it will allow the Plants to grow instantly in the spring season. Cut down the Lower Branches if you want more height. In the same way, branches will more spread when you cut down the one or two main stems. The Plant will also grow rapidly If we cut or prune all the branches due to the over damage. Flowers will also Bloom in the Spring Season.
Can we change the colour of hydrangea flowers? But how?
High and Low pH level plays its role in the colour of Hydrangae flowers. When soil pH is low, hydrangae Plants get more aluminium, making the flowers blue. If you want more blue colour, You can add sulphur, peat moss or additional aluminium sulphate, which decreases soil pH. At high pH, Flowers shine in pink and red colours. We can add limestone to increase soil pH.
Make sure Soil pH is not more than 7.5; otherwise, it will affect the Plants. These colour changing traits varies in different varieties of Hydrangae plants. All the Hydrangae Plants will fade in the Fall season, and it’s a natural process. There is no need to worry about that because they will Bloom in the spring season with beautiful and attractive colours.