How to plant & grow lettuce from seeds at home?

Lettuce is a leafy plant, and mostly its leaves are used in salad, sandwiches and burgers. Lettuce can grow up easily from seeds in small pots or containers at home. It contains a lot of nutrients and many other valuable things. Market lettuce is not fresh, but it has good taste, and homegrown lettuce will be fresh with better taste.

How to grow lettuce?

Seeds selection

Red and green lettuce are commonly grown everywhere, and in both these colours, more than 30 different varieties are available. Fresh and market seeds are recommended to grow in the home, and they have more than 90% germination rate.

What are the best climates to grow lettuce?

It’s impossible to grow lettuce plants on hot or very cold days, but a medium temperature is suitable for them. The best time to grow lettuce in summer is between August-September, and in winter is between February-march. Sunlight is an essential factor for better growth and production, and lettuce requires about 5-6 hours of sunlight every day.

Nursing

You can do the nursing of lettuce in small pots. Select a small or average size pot with a soil mixture of 50% cocopeat and 50% local garden soil. Fill up the pot with this soil mixture and now put the seeds over it and at the end add the same layer of soil on it softly. Water it gently through a shower and select a suitable area where these seedlings can get 5-6 hours of sunlight. After almost 6-10 days, lettuce germination starts, and it may vary up or down due to temperature and varieties.

lettuce seedlings

Transplanting

After 15-20 days, the seedlings will grow up to 3-5 cm, and it’s the best time for transplanting. Choose an 8cm pot for a single plant, and we never recommend you to grow two plants in one pot. Make a soil mixture with 15% organic compost, 40% cocopeat and the remaining 45% local garden soil.

Easily remove the plants from the pot with the help of any gardening tool and now transplant them in your selected pot. After transplanting water it’s very well, and maintains a good moisture level during any stage.

Care

Irrigation

Must check the pot situation after every two or three days and maintain a good moisture level. For better moisture maintenance, make sure to use recommend percentage of cocopeat in the soil mixture. An extra amount of water can be dangerous, and water need depends on climates and soil moisture level, but you can easily rinse it about two times a week.

Fertilizers

A lot of fertilizers are not required for lettuce plants, but you can use liquid fertilizers and organic compost. Cow dunk liquid compost and cow dunk or any organic compost is recommended but after a time interval of 22 days during every fertilizer. A lot of fertilizers can be damaging for lettuce plants and will result in unhealthy leaves. Water is vital after adding organic compost and mix the compost well in the pot via any tool.

Harvesting process

Average after 45 days, lettuce plants are ready for harvesting, but it can be up or down because it depends on varieties. Here are two different ways to harvest lettuce, and you can easily do that in your house. In the first way, easily cut the shrub from its bottom and now remove all the leaves, and that’s done now it’s ready to use anywhere. After that process now your pot is empty and available for more transplantation of new plants in it. The second way is just to cut off the outer few leaves of the plant and don’t cut the whole plant.

Can lettuce re-grow after one harvesting?

For sure, lettuce can re-grow after harvesting if you have just harvested the leaves, not the whole plant. Gently cut all the outer leaves with the help of a knife, and don’t cut unexpanded leaves. After 20 or fewer days, it will be ready again to harvest, and you can continue this process, but after harvesting, makes sure to add organic compost and water it well.

Do lettuce plant produces seeds?

Yes, like other vegetables and shrubs you can get bundles of seeds, but most people never see seeds on the plant because we harvest the leaves very early, and you can easily get seeds from a single plant if you will let them grow up freely. A single plant can produce bundles of seeds, and they can be used for planting in the next season.

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